Prostaglandin F-2α Stimulates The Secretion of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor and Induces Cell Proliferation and Migration of Adipose Tissue Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Molecular Medicine and Biochemistry, National Institute of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Tehran, Iran


Tissue engineering today uses factors that can induce differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) into other cell types. However, the problem of angiogenesis in this differentiated tissue remains an unresolved area of research interest. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of prostaglandin F-2α (PGF-2α) on the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in human adipose tissue derived MSCs.
Materials and Methods
In this experimental research, human adipose tissue was digested using collagenase. The isolated MSCs cells were treated with PGF-2α (up to 5 μg/ml) and incubated for 96 hours. Cell proliferation, secretion of VEGF and cell migration were spontaneously assayed by MTT, BrdU, ELISA, RT-PCR and scratching methods.
Cell growth at 1.0, 2.5, 5 µg/ml of PGF-2α was not significantly reduced compared to control cells, suggesting that these concentrations of PGF-2α are not toxic to cell growth. The results of the BrdU incorporation assay indicated that, in comparison to untreated cells, BrdU incorporation was respectively 1.08, 1.96, 2.0 and 1.8 fold among cells treated with 0.1, 1.0, 2.5 and 5.0 µg/ml of PGF-2α. The scratching test also demonstrated a positive influence on cell proliferation and migration. Cells treated with 1.0 µg/ml of PGF-2α for 12 hours showed the highest relative migration and coverage in comparison to untreated cells. Quantitative VEGF ELISA and RT- PCR results indicated an increase in VEGF expression and secretion in the presence of PGF-2α. The amount of VEGF produced in response to 0.1, 1.0, 2.5 and 5.0 µg/ml of PGF-2α was 62.4 ± 3.2 , 66.3 ± 3.7, 53.1 ± 2.6 and 49.0 ± 2.3 pg/ml, respectively, compared to the 35.2 ± 2.1 pg/ml produced by untreated cells.
Stimulation of VEGF secretion by PGF-2α treated MSCs could be useful for the induction of angiogenesis in tissue engineering in vitro.