Dental Caries Prevalence in Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infected Patients Receiving Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy in Kermanshah, Iran

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Operative Dentistry, Dental Research Center, Faculty of Dentistry, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran

2 Department of Oral Medicine, Faculty of Dentistry, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran

3 Department of Oral Medicine, Faculty of Dentistry, Jundishapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran


Introduction of new approaches for the treatment of human immunodefi- ciency virus (HIV) infection such as anti-retroviral medicines has resulted in an in- crease in the life expectancy of HIV patient. Evaluating the dental health status as a part of their general health care is needed in order to improve the quality of life in these patients. The aim of this study was to compare the root and crown caries rate in HIV patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) with that rate in HIV patients without treatment option.
Materials and Methods
This cross sectional study consisting of 100 individuals of both genders with human immunodeficiency virus were divided into two groups: i. group 1 (treat- ment group) including 50 patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) receiving HAART and ii. group 2 (control group) including 50 HIV infected patients not receiving HAART. Dental examinations were done by a dentist under suitable light using periodontal probe. For each participant, numbers of decay (D), missed (M), filled (F), Decayed missed and filled teeth (DMFT), decay surface (Ds), missed surface (Ms), filled surface (Fs), Decayed missed and filled surfaces (DMFS), and tooth and root caries were recorded. Data were analyzed using Chi-square test and independent t test using SPSS 13.0, while p-value of