Microarray Profile of Circular RNAs Identifies hsa_circ_0001583 as A New Circular RNA Biomarker for Breast Cancer: A Retrospective Study

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Oncology, Fujian Key Laboratory of Precision Medicine for Cancer, The First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fujian, Fuzhou, P. R. China

2 Department of Thyroid and Breast Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fujian, Fuzhou, P. R. China


Objective: Breast cancer (BC) is the most common cancer, which is currently the leading cause of cancer death. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) play important roles in cancer, however, circRNAs serving as vital index in BC for guiding treatment have not yet been identified. The aim of our study is to explore a novel kind of potential biomarker for BC.
Materials and Methods: In this retrospective study, the samples used for assays were two groups of breast tumor tissue obtained from four BC patients, including four pairs of tumor tissues and adjacent nontumor samples. The circRNA expression profiles were detected via microarray and validated by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
Results: The differentially expressed circRNAs in tested samples were screened and analyzed by using human circRNA
microarray. After analysis, considering a fold gene expression change of ≥2.0 and P<0.05, results suggested that 256 circRNAs were significantly up-regulated and 277 circRNAs were significantly down-regulated. Besides, the results of the real-time quantitative PCR assay showed that the expression of hsa_circ_0001583 was significantly up-regulated in BC groups (P<0.05) by real-time quantitative PCR. Therefore, we thought hsa_circ_0001583 might serve as a novel kind of biomarker for BC.
Conclusion: Hsa_circ_0001583 showed significant up-regulation in BC patients with paired adjacent tissues. Many cancer immune pathways were related to has_circ_0001583, including autoimmune thyroid disease, chemokine and T-cell receptor signaling pathways.


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