Study of The Correlation between miR-106a, miR-125b, and miR-330 on Multiple Sclerosis Patients by Targeting TNFSF4 and SP1 in NF-кb/TNF-α Pathway: A Case-Control Study

Document Type : Original Article


1 Medical Biotechnology Research Center, Ashkezar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ashkezar, Yazd, Iran

2 Medical Genetics Research Center of Genome, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

3 Cellular, Molecular, and Genetics Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

4 Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran

5 Department of Neurology, Isfahan Neurosciences Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

6 Department of Genetics and Molecular Biology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran


Objective: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a complex multifactorial neuro-inflammatory disorder. This complexity arises from the evidence suggesting that MS is developed by interacting with environmental and genetic factors. This study aimed to evaluate the miR-106a, miR-125b, and miR330- expression levels in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) patients. The miRNAs' impact on TNFSF4 and Sp1 genes through the NF-кB/TNF-α signaling pathway was analyzed by measuring the expression levels in case and controls.
Materials and Methods: In this in silico-experimental study, we evaluated the association of miR-106a, miR- 125b, and miR330- with TNFSF4 and SP1 gene expression levels in 60 RRMS patients and 30 healthy controls by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
Results: The expression levels of miR-330, miR-106a, and miR125-b in blood samples of RRMS patients were predominantly reduced. The expression of TNFSF4 in patients demonstrated a significant enhancement, in contrast to the diminishing Sp1 gene expression level in controls.
Conclusion: Our findings indicated an association between miR-106a and miR-330 and miR125-b expression and RRMS in our study population. Our data suggested that the miR106-a, miR125-b, and mir330- expression are correlated with TNFSF4 and Sp1 gene expression levels.