Document Type : Original Article
Department of Thoracic Surgery, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, The Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, PR. China
Objective: Four and a half Lin-11, Isl-1, Mac-3 (LIM) protein 1 (FHL1) is one of the FHL protein family, which is regarded as a tumor suppressor in the multiple malignant tumors. In this study, we aimed to explore the regulatory effects and mechanisms of FHL1 on lung cancer cell invasion.
Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, bioinformatics analysis of FHL1 transcripts in human lungadenocarcinomas of TCGA database was performed. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed to detect FHL1 mRNA expression in 15 paired human lung cancer tissues and their adjacent normal lung tissues, or lung cancer cell lines (A549 and H1299) in comparison with human bronchial epithelial cell line (Beas- 2B). Moreover, western blot was used to analyze FHL1 and rho GDP-dissociation inhibitor beta (RhoGDIβ) protein expression in the indicated cell lines. Also, transwell assays were employed to measure the migrated, and invaded of indicated cell lines.
Results: FHL1 transcripts were downregulated in the human lung adenocarcinoma. The impaired FHL1 transcripts were positively correlated with advanced tumor node metastasis (TNM) stage. Moreover, as compared to the adjacent normal lung tissues, FHL1 mRNA was low expressed in 15 paired human lung cancer tissues than their adjacent normal lung tissues. Besides, FHL1 mRNA and protein expression were also reduced in H1299 and A549 cell lines in comparison with Beas-2B cell line. Overexpressed FHL1 protein inhibited the invasive ability of H1299 and A549 cell lines. Mechanically, FHL1 protein overexpression increased the RhoGDIβ protein and mRNA abundance, while knockdown of RhoGDIβ protein, completely restored the invasion ability of A549 (Flag-FHL1) cell line.
Conclusion: Our findings indicated that as a key FHL1 downstream regulator, RhoGDIβ is in charge of FHL1 inhibiting lung cancer cell invasion abilities, providing a critical insight into understanding the role of FHL1 for lung cancer development.