Document Type : Original Article
Department of Biology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord, Iran
Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Basic Health Sciences Institute, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
Objective: Bacterial toxin can cause cell death through induction of apoptosis in cancer cell lines as well as changes in the expression patterns of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and genes. In the present study, the effect of tst gene on ACHN cell lines was reported along with proposing a novel pathway of apoptosis in kidney cancer.
Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, effective lncRNAs and genes were predicted from different criteria
for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) by bioinformatics methods and lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA interaction was constructed; then the effect of Staphylococcus aureus tst gene on induction of apoptosis pathways on ACHN and HDF cell lines was investigated.
Results: After creation of lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA interaction, changes in expression levels of lncRNA LINC00847 (P=0.0024) and PTEN gene (P=0.0027) were identified, as potential apoptosis biomarkers for kidney cancer, after treating ACHN cell line by pCDNA3.1 (+)-tst compared to the empty vector. In contrast, there was no statistically significant difference in DICER1 expression levels in ACHN-tst cell (P≥0.05). In addition, transfection by pcDNA3.1 (+)-tst could increase ACHN cell apoptosis level (P<0.0001) compared to the pcDNA3.1 (+) group; but no significant effect was observed on normal cells.
Conclusion: It is suggested that lncRNA LINC00847, discovered in this study, could provide a new landscape for researches aimed to determine relationship between functional lncRNA and RCC pathways. pcDNA3.1 (+)-tst was
found to increase apoptosis in the transfected cells.