Document Type : Original Article
Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Department of Medical Genetics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) on the follicular development, incidence of cell death, and expressions of apoptosis related genes and miR-22 in transplanted ovaries.
Materials and Methods
In this experimental study, three-week-old mice ovaries were cultured for 24 hours in the presence and absence of LPA, and we assessed cell survival and normal follicular rates in some of the cultured ovaries. The remaining cultured ovaries were autotransplanted in the presence and absence of LPA as four experimental groups (LPA-/LPA-, LPA-/LPA+, LPA+/LPA-, LPA+/LPA+). The follicular development, immunohistochemistry for BAX, and expressions of genes related to apoptosis and miR-22 by real time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT- PCR) were studied at the first oestrous cycles in the recovered ovaries. Sera 17-β-oestradiol (E2) and progesterone (P4) levels were also assessed.
Both cell survival and normal follicular rates were significantly higher in cultured ovaries in the presence of LPA after 24 hours (P < 0.05). There was an increase in follicular development in comparison with the intact control group in the four transplanted groups (P < 0.05). The LPA+/LPA-group had significantly higher follicular development, a decline in BAX positive cells, and a decrease in pro-apoptotic gene expressions in parallel with enhanced expression of anti-apoptotic and miR-22 genes and higher levels of hormones compared with the non-treated and intact control groups (P < 0.05).
LPA, as a survival factor, improves follicular development in transplanted ovaries by providing a balance between the anti- and pro-apoptotic genes in association with an increase in miR-22 expression.