Document Type : Original Article
Skin and Stem Cell Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Department of Regenerative Biomedicine, Cell Science Research Center, Royan Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Technology, ACECR, Tehran, Iran
Hair loss is a prevalent medical problem in both men and women. Maintaining the hair inductivity potential of human dermal papilla cells (hDPCs) during cell culture is the main issue in hair follicle morphogenesis and regeneration. The present study was conducted to compare the effects of different concentrations of exosomes derived from human adipose stem cells (hASCs) and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on the proliferation, migration and expression of alkaline pholphatase (ALP), versican, and smooth muscle alpha-actin (α-SMA) in human DPCs.
Materials and Methods
In this experimental study, hDPCs, human hair DPCs and outer root sheet cells (ORSCs) were separated from healthy hair samples. The protocol of exosome isolation from PRP and hASCs comprises serial low speed centrifugation and ultracentrifugation. The effects of different concentrations of exosomes (25, 50, 100 µg/ ml) derived from hASCs and PRP on proliferation (MTS assay), migration (scratch test) and expression of ALP, versican and α-SMA (real time-polymerase chain reaction) in human DPCs were evaluated.
The flow cytometry analysis of specific cytoplasmic markers showed expression of versican (77%) and α-SMA (60.8%) in DPCs and K15 (73.2%) in ORSCs. According to NanoSight Dynamic Light Scattering, we found the majority of ASCs and PRP-exosomes (ASC-Exo and PRP-Exo) to be 30-150 nm in size. For 100 µg/ml of ASCs-Exo, the expressions of ALP, versican and α-SMA proteins increased by a factor of 1.2, 2 and 3, respectively, compared to the control group. The findings of our experiments illustrated that 100 µg/ml of ASCs-Exo compared to the same concentration of PRP-Exo significantly promote DPC proliferation and migration in culture.
This study introduced the potential positive effect of ASC-Exo in increasing the proliferation and survival of DPCs, while maintaining their hair inductivity. Thus, ASCs-Exo possibly provide a new effective procedure for treatment of hair loss.