Identification of Circulating hsa-miR-324-3p and hsa-miR-331-3p Exchanges in The Serum of Alzheimer’s Patients and Insights into The Pathophysiological Pathways

Document Type : Original Article



Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a type of dementia. Currently, there are not any existing and reliable methods for the prognosis or diagnosis of AD. Hence, finding a diagnostic/prognostic biomarker for AD helps physicians to prescribe the treatments and methods preventing disease progression. Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) are the most promising biomarkers due to their non-invasive and easily accessible for diagnosis and prognosis of AD. The aim of current study is to evaluate expression levels of two unwell-known circulating miRNAs including hsa-miR-324-3p and hsa-miR-331-3p in serums of AD patients and to understand their roles in AD physiopathogenesis by in silico analysis.
Materials and Methods
In this case and control study, to get the gene targets related to these two miRNAs, TargetScan, miRTargetLink Human and mirDIP web servers were applied. In addition, gene networks and gene ontology enrichment analysis were performed by STRING 10.5, KEGG and ShinyGO v0.41. Experimentally, expression levels of these two miRNAs in the serum of 21 patients with AD and 23 healthy individuals were compared using the quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) method.
The pathophysiological pathways associated with these two miRNAs were nucleotide metabolism and cellular response to stress pathway. Furthermore, the upregulated expression levels of hsa-miR-324-3p and hsa-miR-331-3p in comparison with the healthy control serums were not statistically significant (P > 0.05).
Non-significant results were obtained from the expression levels of AD patients and two significant pathways were obtained by networks and gene enrichment analysis.