Document Type : Original Article
Department of Animal and Poultry Physiology, Faculty of Animal Science, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Golestan, Iran
Department of Embryology, Reproductive Biomedicine Research Center, Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECR, Tehran, Iran;Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Scienc
Department of Embryology, Reproductive Biomedicine Research Center, Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECR, Tehran, Iran
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of static magnetic field (SMF) during transplantation of the ovarian tissue into the testis.
Materials and Methods
In this experimental study, ovaries of 6- to 8-week-old female Naval Medical Research Institute (NMRI) mice were randomly divided into four groups: i. Fresh ovaries were immediately transplanted into the testicular tissue (FOT group), ii. Fresh ovaries were exposed to the SMF for 10 minutes and then transplanted into the testicular tissue (FOT+group), iii. Vitrified-warmed ovaries were transplanted into the testicular tissue (VOT group), and iv. Vitrified-warmed ovaries were transplanted into the testicular tissue and the transplantation site was then exposed to the SMF for 10 minutes (VOT+group).
The lowest percentages of morphologically dead primordial follicles and the highest percentages of morphologically intact primordial follicles were seen in the FOT+ group (4.11% ± 2.88 and 41.26% ± 0.54, respectively). Although the lowest significant percentage of maturation, embryonic development and fertility was observed in the VOT group as compared to the other groups, the difference in the fertility rate was not significant between the VOT and VOT+groups. Estrogen and progesterone concentrations were significantly higher in the FOT+group than those of the control mice.
It is concluded that, exposure of the vitrified-warmed ovaries to SMF retains the structure of the graft similar to that of fresh ovaries.